Month: September 2014


Our fall semester started about a month ago, and our new freshman have settled into new routines with ease. Just as our new students are looking forward to the next chapter of their lives, the first students at Centenary Collegiate Institute were also filled with anticipation about their futures. There were few schools in New Jersey in the 1870s, so many students were younger or older than traditional college students. On opening day, 108 students registered as boarders, and many others registered as ‘day students’. The first student to write her name in the original record book was a high school student from Orange, New Jersey named Flora Green.

A day student's tuition

Here is a bill from one of the first day students at CCI. According to this, ‘commuter’ tuition for the first term was seventeen dollars!

As they were registered, each student was asked his or her ‘aim’ in life. Female students expressed interest in becoming teachers, missionaries, and journalists. Some desired to ‘be good and do good’, and some were ‘undeclared’. The male students sought to become ministers, businessmen, farmers, physicians, teachers, and bankers. One student wanted to become an undertaker. Registrants also listed their ages; of the female students, the youngest was thirteen and the oldest, twenty-two. The male students ranged in age from only ten years old to thirty-two.

Summary of student population

A breakdown of the student population. Latin and Music were the most popular courses of study.

The first and only issue of the first student newspaper. The editor, Thomas J. Bass, was expelled during the first year.

The first student newspaper. Articles were devoted to President Whitney’s inaugural speech, the music program, and looking towards the future.

[ A quick aside: Students “were apparently very much impressed with the work of the music department for they devoted to it a very large proportion of space in the first publication called ‘The Scroll'” (Through Golden Years p. 34). The music program steadily grew and remained a popular course of study at Centenary for decades; The Scroll, however, fizzled out after one semester. The editor-in-chief was expelled before the year was out.]

After the students had all been registered, they were shown to their rooms. Students were in such awe of President George H. Whitney that he had to personally escort nearly every student to his or her own room. With all the students situated, the school year began and Centenary entered her first year as a functioning school.

Custard, Leila Roberta. Through Golden Years: 1867 -1943. New York: Lewis
Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1947. Print.

Centenary Collegiate Institute. (April 28, 2014). 1874 – 1885 Catalogs.


The 2015 Miss America Pageant is this month, and the contestants are in Atlantic City right now, participating in pageant festivities.

It might surprise you to know that Centenary College had its own Miss America! Her name was Bette Cooper, and she was Miss America in 1937. The story of her reign is an interesting one.

Bette Cooper in costume during a C.J.C. theatrical performance.

Bette Cooper in costume while performing at Centenary Junior College.

Life was uncomplicated for this girl from Hackettstown, New Jersey. She attended Centenary College when it was called Centenary Junior College1. She excelled in school, loved to play sports, and enjoyed participating in theater productions. In the summer of 1937, she went to Lake Hopatcong’s Bertrand Island Amusement Park with some friends. As a joke, the girls dared Cooper to enter the park’s beauty pageant. She entered for fun but got the shock of her life when she won! Winning this title also guaranteed her a place as a contestant at the Miss America Pageant.

Bette Cooper and three fellow students in a nativity scene at Centenary Junior College

Bette Cooper and three fellow students in a nativity scene at Centenary Junior College.

This is where the story starts to get complicated. Cooper had entered that first pageant on a lark. She didn’t expect to win, and she certainly didn’t want to compete for Miss America. Her family was humble and religious; they didn’t approve of beauty pageants. Although her family was reluctant to support something they considered distasteful, they chose to travel to Atlantic City for the pageant, expecting nothing more than a nice vacation.

Upon arrival, Bette Cooper met Louis Off, a young man who had signed up to be a bachelor escort. Each Miss America contestant had been paired with a gentleman who would accompany her to and from pageant festivities. When the contestants were given an afternoon off, Cooper and her escort took a drive. Cooper confided in Off, telling him that she hadn’t anticipated winning the first pageant, and didn’t want to compete for Miss America. Off, who had already seen the other contestants, accurately guessed that she stood a good chance of winning.


Bette Cooper with all the adornments of a proper Miss America.

Bette Cooper won Miss America that night. She sang a song (A Star-Ledger article states that she sang “So There”, but internet sources state that the song was called “When The Poppies Bloom Again”) while wearing an evening gown purchased for her by a female chaperone. The excitement of winning wore off very quickly, and by the next day Cooper and Off had disappeared, leading many to believe the two had run away and eloped.

Bette Cooper and Louis Off walk the boardwalk in a publicity shot. Cooper's fur coat was one of the prizes from the Miss America Pageant. She refused the coat and the other prizes when she decided to return to school

Bette Cooper and Louis Off on the boardwalk in a publicity shot. Cooper’s fur coat was one of the prizes from the Miss America Pageant. She refused the coat and the other prizes when she decided to return to school.

In truth, Bette Cooper was a 17-year-old high school student and panicked at the thought of leaving school to perform her Miss America duties. Photo shoots, public appearances, screen tests, and interviews held no appeal for her. Cooper called Off in the middle of the night distraught over winning, and he and a friend hid her on a boat until after pageant crowds scattered.  She slept while the gentlemen fished, and after returning to shore, the men drove Cooper back to Hackettstown.

Bette Cooper decided that to remain in school, and was able to strike a deal with red-faced pageant officials that entitled her to “all of the benefits, none of the negatives” of being Miss America, according to Louis Off. She kept her title and stayed in school, participating in only a fraction of the expected duties. Off escorted her to appearances and guarded her from the press. The events of the 1937 Miss America Pageant prompted officials to institute new rules: They created a hostess program and prohibited contestants from spending time alone with any man during pageant week. They also started requiring contestants to sign agreements acknowledging their understanding of the duties of Miss America.

After Bette Cooper’s reign ended, she distanced herself from the pageant and focused on her schooling. She graduated from Centenary Junior College’s Academy in 1938 and then from C.J.C. in 1940. She was a dedicated student, participating in several school activities.

From the 1940 Hack Yearbook:

Bette Cooper's senior year photo. [note: The Kin Klub is mentioned on a later page of the yearbook as the Kin Club. The club was comprised of members of the student body who were relatives of former students.]

Bette Cooper’s senior year photo. [note: The Kin Klub is mentioned on a later page of the yearbook as the Kin Club. The club was comprised of members of the student body who were relatives of former students.]

After graduation, she married and moved to Connecticut, where she still resides. In 1953, she attended Hackettstown’s Centennial Celebration to crown the Centennial Queen, but that may have been the closest she’ll ever get to acknowledging her involvement in beauty pageants. She does not publicly discuss her time as Miss America.

Bette Cooper at the Hackettstown Centennial Celebration

Bette Cooper at the Hackettstown Centennial Celebration in 1953.

1 At this time in Centenary’s history, the college educated two distinct student populations: the Academy, which was the equivalent of the latter years of high school, and the College, which provided more traditional college instruction. Both ‘schools’ were two-year programs. Freshmen and Sophomore classes attended the Academy and Juniors and Seniors attended the College. You’ll see two graduation dates for Bette Cooper, one for each school.

Braun, Jenifer. “The night Miss America ran away from the throne.”
Star-Ledger [Newark] Sept. 1997: 1+. Print.

“On Campus.” The Bulletin of Centenary Junior College Winter 1953: 5. Print.

Pageant Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2014. <;.