THE START OF THE SCHOOL YEAR

Our fall semester will begin soon and we can’t wait for the students to come back! The first days of every semester are filled with excitement (and for new students, maybe a little apprehension).

Seniors welcoming arriving freshmen. Circa 1950s.

Seniors welcome arriving freshmen. circa 1950s.

This student is getting some help moving in her things.

This student gets some help moving in! circa 1950s.

 

Centenary College has always worked hard to make our incoming classes feel welcome. Every year freshmen participate in the “Community Plunge”, and this year they will also take part in a common book discussion. Community Plunge is a community service project that was introduced in 1990. First-years volunteer their time with different local organizations, introducing them to the area and their fellow freshmen while also giving back to their new community. The common book discussion allows students to engage each other in conversation over a common book. This year, freshmen read Behind the Beautiful Forevers by Katharine Boo. They’ll spend the afternoon before classes begin in small group discussion, which will give them a glimpse of academic life here at Centenary. 

Students participating in the Community Plunge

Students participating in the Community Plunge 2014

The student newspaper (called Spilled Ink - what a great name!) from the mid 1900s is filled with articles about freshmen orientation. [At that time, the college was called Centenary Junior College and was a two-year school.]

Three excited freshmen

Three excited freshmen. circa 1940

One of the long-standing traditions of this era was the Big Sister-Little Sister program, where each senior girl (the Big Sister) was paired with a new freshmen girl (the Little Sister). One student wrote,

 

“We meet our own ‘lil sister and our roommates’, and through them their friends, and in turn they meet our friends. Why, before we were given little sisters, we passed in the halls without a word, or at most only a “hello” was exchanged…but now, we’ve managed to know one another and we’re just one big happy family!”

 

Every year, several seniors headed an orientation committee designed to introduce freshmen to every facet of college life.

Freshmen Picnic - September 20, 1964

One of many orientation events. Freshmen Picnic, 1964

Welcome Freshmen

Judith Field, class of 1966, holds a Welcome Freshmen cake at the President’s Reception Tea.

Ice-Breaker

The orientation committee of 1964

Throughout the years, they enjoyed teas, picnics, dances, teacher introductions, tours of campus (not to mention outings to favorite local shops), and the highlight of every orientation: a variety show called the Ice-Breaker.

President Seay at the Ice-Breaker

President Seay joins the fun! From left to right: Susan Walker – 1965 senior class vice president, Mrs. Helen Seay, Dr. Edward W. Seay – President of Centenary College, and Susan Tannenbaum – 1965 senior class president.

 

Seniors staged skits, organized games, and presented freshmen with a tub of ice, to remind them that it’s up to them to ‘break the ice’. And so they did!

Break the Ice

Susan Tannenbaum ’65, Pamela Mitchell ’66, and Susan Walker ’65 breaking the ice.

 

 

After several days of reception, new students were regarded as members of the Centenary family. As the years passed, orientation events grew smaller. Although we don’t have an extended orientation period like we use to, we still can’t wait to meet the class of 2018 and welcome them to the Centenary family!

 

THE ORIGINAL FACULTY MEMBERS OF CCI

 

The faculty of CCI

 The faculty of CCI

This list of the faculty was taken from the first Centenary Collegiate Institute catalogue, issued for the 1874 – 1875 school year.

Interesting fact: A lady was always called a teacher. Only a gentlemen could be called a professor.

Another interesting fact: Those abbreviations after the female teacher’s names stands for Mistress of Liberal Arts (M.L.A.) and Mistress of English Literature (M.E.L.). At the time, women were just beginning to be considered ‘college material’, so ladies earned one of these two degrees.

 

Custard, Leila Roberta. Through Golden Years: 1867 -1943. New York: Lewis
Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1947. Print.

 

Centenary Collegiate Institute. (April 28, 2014). 1874 – 1885 Catalogs.

Opening Day

Opening Day for Centenary Collegiate Institute was quite an event for Hackettstown. For five years, residents watched an impressive building rise into the sky, half-believing it would ever be filled with students or even finished. On September 9, 1874, however, the residents of the town and thousands more would celebrate the opening of the school, and over one hundred students would be admitted for the first year of classes.

Advertisement

An invitation to attend the Dedication of Centenary Collegiate Institute

Very early on that day, President Whitney sat in the new building composing his inaugural address. He had been so busy in the preceding weeks that he had not found time to finish writing his speech. As the morning continued, people arrived from all over to witness the dedication ceremony. There was so much anticipation over the event that the President of the Morris and Essex Railroad furnished special excursion tickets and extra coaches were added to the existing rail schedule. President Whitney estimated an audience of five thousand people.

Opening Day Program

The cover of the Opening Day Program

At 10 am, the ceremony commenced. The audience, seated under a giant circus tent on the school’s front lawn, listened to speeches by the Reverend Charles N. Sims and the Honorable Joel Parker, Governor of New Jersey. Newspapers wrote that the most distinguished body of people ever met in Warren County attended the ceremony. Afterwards, a great dinner was held, with the two rival bakers of Hackettstown each providing a cake. Nine hundred people were seated for dinner. Then an audience of seven hundred moved to the chapel to hear President Whitney’s address. Of the many points he mentioned, he stated that the school would be a place of sound learning, comprehensive education, and refinement. He suggested a motto for the new institute: “All done, and all well done”. To borrow a phrase from Leila Custard, “Centenary Collegiate Institute was off to an auspicious start.” (Custard, 51)

 

Custard, Leila Roberta. Through Golden Years: 1867 -1943. New York: Lewis
Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1947. 11- 51. Print.

 

Centenary Collegiate Institute. (April 28, 2014). 1874 – 1885 Catalogs.

 

 

 

The May Fete

The May Fete was an annual pageant held at Centenary College for many years. It centered on a spring celebration, the crowning of a May Queen, and performances by students. These festivals were held every year from 1907 to about 1939.

Image

The earliest mention of such celebrations at Centenary occurred in the 1907 Hack Yearbook, which introduces the idea of May Day exercises. The entire student body was invited to attend. A may pole was set up on the lawn with ribbons in the class colors and the seniors walked in a procession led by their queen and king. After the procession, decorated booths selling candies and other refreshments were opened. There were games and a special address by one of the professors.

Later the ceremonies were called May Fetes. Celebrating outside on the school’s front lawn, girls dressed in lavish costumes. Photographs we’ve found show the girls dressed as goddesses in Grecian gowns with bands of flowers in their hair, pixies, Robin Hood, and animals.  The number of visitors (alumni, parents, and siblings) reached over a thousand some years. After the pageantry, supper was served on the lawn.

Another part of May Fete at Centenary was the presentation of brass tablets which listed the school’s graduates by class and were then displayed for all to see.

A major highlight of the May Fete was the crowning of the May Queen and King. After the school became all girls, they crowned the May Queen, who in turn chose a court of 8 fellow students, 4 seniors and 4 freshmen. The 1943 May issue of the Spilled Ink (the student newspaper) explains the way the May Queen was chosen; the students voted for the most beautiful senior, and the winner was crowned at a small ceremony during May Fete.

Image

As years went by the celebration changed. The formal May Fete was cancelled during WWII and we’ve found no records that indicate that it was ever brought back to its former glory. Class Day, an indoor program created by the senior class, seemed to have adopted some of the events of May Fete while other activities such as dance were apparently given their own program. One thing we notice often is how many events there were for the students. There were dances, musical and theatrical performances (given for the students as well as by them), writing competitions, sorority anniversary parties, etc., and many days set aside for the purpose of building relationships with each other. It was very important to the college that its students considered each other family.

The First Main Building

The year was 1869.

The architect for Centenary Collegiate Institute had been chosen (S.B. Hatch of New York City).

Local contractors Clawson and Haszen had been awarded the building contract.

The cornerstone was laid.

There was just one problem: not enough money.

The Board of Trustees had so far only been able to raise half of the projected building cost. When construction started, that cost quickly doubled due to alterations and additions. The Trustees realized their original efforts had brought in only a fourth of the amount they would need, and that raising the rest would require a lot of hard work.

The original plan of Centenary Collegiate Institute

Caption: “1869. The Original Plan of C.C.I. Thus it was built to top of 4th story – Then roof & tower & piazzas changed.”

The President and the Board of Trustees worked tirelessly to raise funds, solicit donations and loans, and personally contribute money to collect the amount needed. Construction was continually extended; building ceased when money ran out and started back up when enough funds were collected. The Board faced countless problems: costs kept going up in an effort to maintain the symmetry of the building, donors passed away before promised donations could be received, and the Depression of 1873 all prolonged the building’s completion (not familiar with the Depression of 1873? Learn about it here). Finally, in 1874, construction was finished and the school was ready to accept students. Although the Institute struggled with a mortgage that took eight years to settle, spirits were high on Centenary’s opening day.

The Original Centenary Collegiate Institute

The Original Centenary Collegiate Institute. This building burned down in 1899, only twenty-five years after the Institute opened.

Centenary Collegiate Institute opened on September 9, 1874, exactly five years after the cornerstone was laid. It had taken a lot of hard work, but Centenary Collegiate Institute was finally ready to become a functioning institution of education.

 

 

Custard, Leila Roberta. Through Golden Years: 1867 -1943. New York: Lewis
Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1947. Print.

 

Centenary Collegiate Institute. (April 28, 2014). 1874 – 1885 Catalogs.

 

Building Centenary

This is the second in a series of posts about the history of Centenary College, using the book Through Golden Years as a guide. Words cannot express how grateful we are to have this book; we reference it constantly and learn new things about Centenary every time we open it. This information is so important, we wanted to share it with others. We are, first and foremost, a blog about Centenary’s history, and it only makes sense to dedicate our time and attention to a book that teaches us so much about it.

In 1865, two friends took a walk through Hackettstown. They stopped in a cornfield at the top of a hill and had a conversation about the future of the area. Reverend Crook S. Vancleve, a member of the Morristown District of the Newark Conference of the Methodist Church, said he imagined it as the spot where a new institute would be built, and that the man he was talking to would be the first president. Reverend George H. Whitney replied that he had no interest in the proposition. Little did he know just how accurate Reverend Vancleve’s words would be! Nine years later, Centenary Collegiate Institute, located in the exact spot they stopped and with Whitney as the first president, would have its opening day.

Long before the college opened, the name Centenary was chosen for it. The original name was quite long: “The Centenary Collegiate Institute of the Newark Conference, New Jersey.” Chosen by the Newark Conference in 1866, it honors the countless men and women who for a century “labored in the cause of righteousness” (Custard, 6). The next year the college received its charter. That’s why we consider the college to have opened in 1867, even though it’s first real opening day was in 1874.

The first Board of Trustees. Without them, there would be no Centenary College.

The first Board of Trustees. Without them, there would be no Centenary College.

Many sites were considered for the future home of the college, and a committee of newly appointed trustees considered Madison, Morristown, Flanders, Washington, Irvington, Orange, Plainfield and Newark before deciding on Hackettstown. In the spring of 1868, the exact location within the town was selected. The next year Reverend Whitney was appointed the ‘principal’ and given the task of raising money for a suitable building. A building and planning committee was also elected, and they chose an architect and a contractor. On September 9, 1869, the cornerstone of the new institute was laid in place. The event was heavily advertised and attended by many. They gathered in the fields that would soon become roads and lots for houses. According to Whitney’s unpublished autobiography, the town of Hackettstown “had not yet grown as far as the lot” (Custard, 10).  The cornfield of 1865 had grown into the construction site of 1869, but it would be five more years before it became the Centenary Collegiate Institute.

Image

The view of North Hackettstown, taken from the location of the Institute.

Image

Description from the back of the photograph. There’s no date, but it was definitely taken between 1869 and 1895. The building was started in 1869, and Whitney was the President until 1895.

 

 

Custard, Leila Roberta. Through Golden Years: 1867 -1943. New York: Lewis
Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1947. Print.

Centenary Collegiate Institute. (April 28, 2014). 1874 – 1885 Catalogs.

 

Scrapbooks of Centenary College

Did you know that Taylor Memorial Library has a scrapbook collection? Probably not, because the albums haven’t seen the light of day in decades. Many of them are over one hundred years old, and are extremely fragile. We don’t handle them unless we have to. The archives staff has decided to display them for students, faculty, and staff members. We are excited to let people see them!

The origins of the modern scrapbook may be found in ‘commonplace books’, which were used as early as the 15th century. Commonplace books were used to compile information, like recipes, quotes, and poems. In the 16th century, friendship albums became popular. These albums resembled autograph books; friends or acquaintances would sign their names and add details to their page, like drawings or a poem. With the invention of photography, the average person was able to incorporate photos into their albums. Scrapbooking was a popular American pastime in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

These early scrapbooks were incredibly varied and often reflected the personal history of the individuals who created them. Some focused on news, while others covered sports or the lives of family members. Often the pages held news clippings, photographs, artwork, programs, ticket stubs, and written recollections. Old albums would be held together with tape or glue, and over the years they would deteriorate so completely that they would be discarded.

In recent years the practice of making or keeping scrapbooks has surged in popularity. In fact, it has become a multi-billion dollar business as companies have arisen to provide crafters with special papers, albums, trims, and decorative items in an almost unlimited array of colors and styles.

Millions of Americans consider themselves to be “scrapbookers.” It is considered the third most popular hobby or craft in the US.

The following four pictures are of an album from Taylor Memorial Library’s scrapbook collection, dated about 1900. This album is an early history of the college and includes photographs, recollections, college events, and newspaper articles.

Image

The pages of this album are brittle and damaged. There is a lot of discoloration due to sun exposure, damaging adhesives, and contact with newsprint.

Image

These programs are still in fairly good condition even though the pages are damaged.

Image

These pages of the album show views of Centenary College’s original main building, which was razed by fire in 1899.

Our scrapbooks look very different from what people today might consider a scrapbook. Most people might think of scrapbooks as photo albums with brightly colored pages, decorative cut-outs, and short descriptions.  Many of our scrapbooks look more like journals. Artwork, personal recollections, newspaper articles, and items decorate their pages.

There have been several different ‘authors’ for the Centenary scrapbooks. Students of the school, the wives of former presidents, and even the first President of Centenary, the Reverend George Whitney, put together scrapbooks chronicling Centenary College over the years.

The following pictures are from two albums created by a former student of Centenary Collegiate Institute (the original name of Centenary College) named Regina Baker. These albums are dated from 1906 to about 1910. She collected programs, napkins, sports score cards, letters, and other materials from her days at Centenary. She even included cigarette butts, a pill from when she was sick (which has since disintegrated and left a bad stain), and a baby’s bib.

Image

This page includes a fan that she once wore in her hair. Some items from her albums have gone missing, although we do not know if they fell apart or were removed.

Image

Image

Image

Image

 

This album was left to the college by the family of Annie Blair Titman Cummins and George Cummins. It is more of a traditional photograph album, and has been decorated with cut out images of flowers. Image

Image

The scrapbooks of Centenary College give us a wonderful look at life in the Hackettstown area many years ago. Although the scrapbooks are seldom handled or viewed due to their delicacy, we will be putting them on display for a very short time on May 5th, 2014. Our albums are usually kept locked in the archives to preserve them from damage, and this will most likely be the first time they are ever viewed in public! We’re pretty excited to see what everyone thinks of them!